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Abstract: In many contexts, there is a need to construct C1 maps from a given reference domain to a family of deformed domains. In our case, the motivation comes from the application of the Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) method and also the reduced basis element method. In these methods, the maps are used to construct the grid-points needed on the deformed domains, and the corresponding Jacobian of the map is used to map vector fields from one domain to another. In order to keep the continuity of the mapped vector fields, the Jacobian must be continuous, and thus the maps need to be C1. In addition, the constructed grids on the deformed domains should be quality grids in the sense that, for a given partial differential equation defined on any of the deformed domains, the solution should be accurate. Since we are interested in a family of deformed domains, we consider the solutions of the partial differential equation to be a family of solutions governed by the geometry of the domains. Different mapping strategies are discussed and compared: the transfinite interpolation proposed by Gordon and Hall, the pseudo-harmonic extension proposed by Gordon and Wixom, a new generalization of the Gordon-Hall method (e.g., to general polygons in two dimensions), the harmonic extension, and the mean value extension proposed by Floater.
Mots Clés: ALE; regularity; reduced basis element; lifting of trace; C1 mapping; C1 extension